Ganga Facts

  • While some Hindu scientists are combating Ganga pollution, others are examining the river's baffling antiseptic properties.  

 o   At the Malaria Research Center in New Delhi the Ganga water from its upper reaches didn't host mosquito breeding, and   prevented breeding in any water it was added to.

o   Water from other sacred rivers was soon filmed over with mosquito eggs.

o   Other research demonstrated that cholera germs die within hours of immersion in Ganga water.

o   Some studies indicate that pathological bacteria do not fare well in Ganga water.

o   Some scientists conjecture this is due to naturally radioactive minerals present in the water, and organisms that kill germs.

  • The amount of organic waste that goes into Ganga should have already exhausted the amount of oxygen. But this has not happened. There is some material present in Ganges that replenishes the oxygen content and kills the pathogens. Interestingly, boiled Ganga water does not have the capability to kill pathogens. Similarly, Yamuna, a river which joins Ganges, does not contain the special material present in Ganga.


  • The Ganga water has an extraordinarily high rate of oxygen retention, allowing it to remain fresh during long storage periods. The Ganga was once known as the reservoir of oxygen as it was the only river in the world which had 12ppm of oxygen.

  • It has the largest  river delta in the world; the Sunderbans.

  • Ganga is the 20th longest river in Asia & the 41st longest in the world.

  • As compared to the river Nile (6050 km.) or Amazon (6,500 km.), the total length of Ganga is only 2,525 km, but it carries the highest quantity of sediment ( 2.4 billion metric tons per year) which is greater than that carried by any other river of the world.
  • Ganga is also known by names like: Vishnupadee, Mandakini, Devnadi, Sursari, Tripathga, Jahanvi, Bhagirathi, Patalganga, Hiranyagarbha, Amritvahini, Patitpavini.

  • Ganga has extraordinary variation in altitude, climate, flora and fauna, land use and cropping pattern.

  • Ganga, one of the most sacred rivers in the world has been the cradle of human civilization since time immemorial known for its physical and spiritual sustenance with powers of healing & regeneration.

  • On January 19, 2010, the critically endangered Ganges river dolphin was declared India’s national aquatic animal.

  • The Government of India declared the holy river GANGA as a “national river on 4 Nov 2008.