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singharunkantGanga is the holy river of India. I am proud to be born at the bank of the river ganga. Since my childhood i have been trying to know the various effects of river on society and vice-versa. Now a days the river is getting poluted and its natural flow is getting diluted by the seawage and industrial effluent. I think this will be the best opprtunity to know the current efforts to make ganga clean and to keep it as holy as it was. Though i am an electrical Engineer who does not understand much about envrionment engineering but still i want to explore this opportunity to learn more about the ganga and and my contribution which may help to save this holy river. I am really happy to know that IITs have come forward to save the river which has a very deep routes in indian civilization and sooner should be a world heritage. As we all know that now a days ganga is getting poluted so this is a great effort. I will be very happy to be a member of the BRIP-2011 , who can actively participate in the event. Tehri Dam was constructed on Bhagirathi River, tributary of the Ganges. It's located 1.5 km downstream of Ganesh Prayag, the place where Bhilangana meets Bhagirathi. Bhagirathi is called Ganges after Devprayag. Construction of the dam in an earthquake prone area was controversial
smriti pandeyThere would be no water in large stretches of the famed Alaknanda and Bhagirathi riverbeds if the Uttarakhand government goes ahead with its plan to build 53 power projects on these two rivers which join at Dev Prayag to form the Ganga, the Comptroller and Auditor General has said on April 1, 2010. The Ganga is mentioned in the Rig-Veda, the earliest of the Hindu scriptures. The Ganga is mentioned in the nadistuti (Rig Veda 10.75), which lists the rivers from east to west. In RV 6.45.31, the word Ganga is also mentioned, but it is not clear if the reference is to the river. RV 3.58.6 says that "your ancient home, your auspicious friendship, O Heroes, your wealth is on the banks of the Jahnavi (JahnAvyAm)". This verse could possibly refer to the Ganga. In RV 1.116.18-19, the Jahnavi and the Gangetic dolphin occur in two adjacent verses. A CAG inspection report submitted to the Uttarakhand governor says that already the riverbed is completely dry at Shrinagar (Garhwal) and what flows downstream is the water released by a power plant from its tunnel and those diverted from tributaries. If all projects are allowed to go through, the aquatic life and biodiversity of the river basin will be virtually erased. Sources said the report also expresses fear that all villages settled along the river basin will be uprooted once the rivers go dry, leading to mass migration and cultural erosion. Ganga is moving towards the era of purity & holiness.It develops the feeling of truthfulness & sovereignty.I smriti pandey,being a responsible citizen of my country,wants to participate in this event to contribute in this holy and noble cause. Lets be a part of this event to glorify the future.
snigdharajIndia is known as the country of culture and spiritualism since Vedic civilization. All natural forces including planets and rivers are personified as gods and goddess and worshipped. Hindu mythology describes three principal Gods: Bramha the creator, Vishnu the sustainer and Shiva the destroyer. The Ganga, the Yamuna and the Saraswati represent the trinity of divinities in Indian culture. Saraswati is Brahma, Yamuna is Vishnu, and Ganga is Shiva. The water of the Ganga is thought to be holy and a dip in it attains salvation. Its water is kept by every Hindu for rituals/ and the water never deteriorates, brings relief from sin, sorrow and suffering. We also believe that bathing in the river is said to wash away one’s sins, and water from the river is used extensively in rituals. Due to climate change and the indefinite monsoon the self purification capacity of the rivers has reduced. The religious feelings for rivers can be used as a potential social tool to educate the masses to protect & prevent pollution of rivers. Fishing & related activities are prohibited around the holy river sites & rich biodiversity here acts as a potential source of stock. Such areas can be developed as Biosphere Reserve similar to forest sector.
sonakshisharmaGanga, the holiest of Indian rivers is highly polluted near many cities on its banks. The problem of pollution is due to sewage inflow, industrial waste, animal carcasses, unclaimed human bodies, plastic bags, etc. The biochemical oxygen demand could be as high as 20 mg/l and faecal coliform counts is around 1.5 million/100 ml at downstream end of the city like Varanasi. About 60,000 people take a holy dip in the Ganga at the ghats each day. There may be a few thousand people among them for whom Ganga is the medium of life. They have immense faith in the Ganga, are committed to her and cannot be separated from her. They want to have a ‘darshan’ of the Ganga, touch her water, submerge their body into her water and get ecstatic contentment by sipping her water. They cannot bear anybody saying that Ganga is sick and polluted. The culture and the faith related to the Ganga have survived for thousands of years because of these practising Hindus. They are ignorant of the present processes of development, science and technology. They do not have the present skills of articulation to interact with the modern world and also do not have a forum to do so. But they are gems born with the rich cultural heritage of India. When exposed to the modern world, they respond favourably to all good things which the world offers us today (Refer: The Ganga at Varanasi and a travail to stop her abuse by Veer Bhadra Mishra, CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. 89, NO. 5, 10 SEPTEMBER 2005) Our universities and professional bodies have to take a pro-active lead, be it cleaning rivers, environment or other spheres. I appreciate the initiative taken by IIT Kanpur to give us students a chance to know more about this issue. With the participation in this conference i hope not only to bring forward my ideas but also to go back to my friends and acquaintances with a message. It is our national heritage and to keep our future intact and happy we must start thinking of making selfless contributions by spreading the word around and letting people know that Ganga cannot be taken forgranted.
SpalzesSir, I would very much like to attend this Conference, as I always wanted to do something to save the environment. I am living in Delhi from the last five years. When ever I come across the Yamuna river. I feel like gathering a thousands of people together and just clean it up, and make it as pure as like drinking water. I strongly believe, it is possible to clean all the rivers of our Country within just one day. The only thing we need to do is to stand up together for the cause. But, When ever we discuss such issues we always say "some one has to start it". I just want to remove that "some one" and put "I" into it. We the young generation today, from every college, school or from any institution, if we only gather up together. we could really set an example for the world. And for that we have to take the first step and spread awareness among the people. I am really looking forward, the first step to be, the draw back of this conference. Attending this conference, would be of great help, as what ever I lean there I can use it in Delhi as well as other regions. It would be the biggest achievement of my life, if I could be of any help to the environment. Thank You Save Environment Save Life. I am a student of “Environment of Water management”. Now a day the water scarcity is increasing day by day and one of the major problems is the ground water pollution through geological process. The sate Bihar more ground water is contaminated by Arsenic which are showing impact on the human health. Due to arsenic contamination, the people are affecting by the skin diseases and later it acts as a cancer. Now, I am working on the topic of “A 3d model of aquifer contaminated by arsenic” under my college and with the collaboration of Tu Delf university, Netherlands. The places which are situated at bank of the Ganga are mainly contaminated and the due to increase in the sediments in ganga the depth of river is decreasing and the water holding capacity of ganga is decreasing and also due to overflow of water the nearer area get effected by flood. People are mainly depending on ground water and the number of hand pumps are increasing which disturbed the aquifer where the Arsenic are packed and after disturbance it get dissolve in ground water. By, attending this conference I want to understand the, How the River Basin Planning can be helpful to decrease effect of ground water pollution on human health. As per as my concern the river water not contain Arsenic, So If the Ganga river will have enough water to fulfill the demand of human life then the use of the ground water will decrease and the people will not effected by water pollution. Thanks to give me a chance to express my intrest Bipin Prasad Undergraduate Student B.Sc.(Hons.) Environment And Water Management Anugrah Narayan College, Patna-800013 India Mobile No. +91 9006811981
spswarajGanga Basin area, covering eleven states, floods in some part or the other are an annual feature. Due to rapid changes in the behaviour of the rivers in the Ganga basin and for other reasons, it was considered necessary to update the comprehensive water management plans for flood management of all the river systems in the Ganga basin. On account of the inadequacy of the protection works carried out so far, large scale damage due to floods often occurs. In order to effectively tackle the critical and chronic flood problems in the areas of the Ganga basin, it was considered necessary to prepare an integrated plan to manage and minimise the problems of flood, erosion and drainage and ensure its implementation in a comprehensive and coordinated manner. The management of water resources for diverse uses at the micro or local level should be done by adopting a partnership approach, involving the user communities, through community based organisations, in the various aspects of planning, design, development and management of water resources. In addition, in some areas, there should be community based flood and drought management committees to plan for and deal with these and other disaster situations. At the planning stage, decisions should be taken after according opportunity to the respective Gram Sabhas. Local bodies such as municipalities and gram panchayats should particularly be involved in the water management in the flood and drought area.
spuneetThe Ganges (English pronunciation: /ˈɡændʒiːz/ gan-jeez;) or Ganga, (Sanskrit: गङ्गा Hindi: गंगा Urdu: گنگا Ganga IPA: [ˈɡəŋɡaː] ( listen); Bengali: গঙ্গা Gônga), is a trans-boundary river of India and Bangladesh. The 2,525 km (1,569 mi) river rises in the western Himalayas in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of North India into Bangladesh, where it empties into the Bay of Bengal. By discharge it ranks among the world's top 20 rivers.[4] The Ganges basin is the most heavily populated river basin in the world, with over 400 million people and a population density of about 1,000 inhabitants per square mile (390 /km2).[5] The Ganges is the most sacred river to Hindus and is also a lifeline to millions of Indians who live along its course and depend on it for their daily needs.[6] It is worshiped as the goddess Ganga in Hinduism.[7] It has also been important historically: many former provincial or imperial capitals (such as Patliputra,[8] Kannauj,[8] Kara, Kashi, Allahabad, Murshidabad, Munger, Baharampur and Kolkata) have been located on its banks. The Ganges ranks among the top five most polluted rivers of the world[9] with fecal coliform levels in the river near Varanasi more than hundred times the official Indian government limits.[10] Pollution threatens not only humans, but also more than 140 fish species, 90 amphibian species and the endangered Ganges river dolphin.[9] The Ganga Action Plan, an environmental initiative to clean up the river, has been a major failure thus far,[11][12][13] due to corruption and lack of technical expertise,[14] lack of good environmental planning,[15] Indian traditions and beliefs,[16] and lack of support from religious authorities.
Sraavya"Vindhya Himachala Yamuna Ganga Ucchala jaladhi tara?ga" , a part from the script of our national anthem which means " It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas, mingles in the music of Jamuna and Ganges and is chanted by the waves of the Indian Sea." From the national anthem to being the national river, from the puranas to the daily prayers, from being marked as a holy purifier to being called a flow from the hair of lord shiva,perennial rivers such as the Ganges have been held in high regard since time immemorial. The 2,510 km river originates at the gangotri glacier in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, in the central himalayas, and empties into the Bay of Bengal through its vast delta in the Sunderbans. Apart from being a holy tribute to the country the river ganga also played an important role in drafting the economic structure of the country. Having rich fertile soil, it's an important source of the agricultural activities in India and Bangladesh. Along the banks of the river, the presence of swamps and lakes provide a rich growing area for crops such as legumes, chillies,mustard,sesame etc. Fishing also provides a livelihood to many along the river. It's difficult to visualise an urban civilisation,indeed our lives, without her. Modern life is dependent on water harvesting and hydel power,without which our factories and mills would stop functioning. Projects like Tehri dam will ensure drinking & irrigation water to many states, and generate hydroelectricity for multiple purposes. The plight of such important rivers of our country is at present pitiable. Ganga finds its name in the list of the five most polluted rivers of the world The Ganga collects human pollutants from various bathing sites as well as highly populous areas. Nearly all of the sewage from towns,cities and villages extended over the river goes directly into the river, along with thousands of animal carcasses,mainly cattle. It's also exposed to potentially hazardous accumulations from industries. The majority of the Ganga pollution is organic waste, sewage, trash, food, and human and animal remains. Over the past century, city populations along the Ganga have grown at a tremendous rate, while waste-control infrastructure has remained relatively unchanged. The result of this pollution is an array of water-borne diseases including cholera, hepatitis, typhoid and amoebic dysentery. The sacred practice of depositing human remains in the Ganga also poses health threats because of the unsustainable rate at which partially cremated cadavers are dumped. The dust and debris resurfaces some distance away, this time, intermixed with polythene bags, empty cans and dirty clothes. This is the holy Ganga at its holiest spot Varanasi. From the plains to the sea, leather industries(specially near Kanpur) , pharmaceutical companies,electronics plants, textile and paper industries, tanneries,fertilizer manufacturers and oil refineries discharge effluent into the river. The tannery industry mushrooming in North India has converted the Ganga River into a dumping ground.Damming the river or diverting its water, mainly for irrigation purposes, also adds to the pollution crisis. Atmospheric deposition of heavy metals emitted from vehicles and presence of industrial units adjoining the Ganges is adding to the pollution load on the river Decades-long efforts by the government to breathe life into Ganga through massive clean-up programmes have come to naught. According to the report in July 2011,the pollution is acute in Gangotri, Uttarkashi, Dharashu-Chinyalisaur and Devprayag where there has been an increase in human settlements along the river bank. An expenditure of Rs. 896.05 crore has been incurred so far under the Ganga Action Plan for conservation and pollution abatement of river Ganga. But yet two Ganga Action Plans failed to deliver the goods. Hence i would like to be a part of the responsibility that's entrusted to the 7 IITs to cum out with a successful work plan . Students are the most valuable asset of any country and being responsible citizens of future india its our responsibility to take the plans to an action and fight to save river Ganga. In his book Discovery of India, Jawaharlal Nehru says: "… The Ganges, above all is the river of India, which has held India's heart captive and drawn uncounted millions to her banks since the dawn of history. The story of the Ganges, from her source to the sea, from old times to new, is the story of India's civilization and culture, of the rise and fall of empires, of great and proud cities, of adventures of man … " Hence all Indians should realise its worth and the high need to protect it. I hope that the participation in this seminar would provide me a platform to put my interest in rivers and River basin planning into views and express them efficiently. I look forward to a chance to attend this seminar with the passion of sharing as well as gaining knowledge about rivers , specially The Ganges. Thanking You Sraavya Pathsamatla
srashti singh gaurscope of work- According to Hindus the river Ganga is sacred. It is worshipped by Hindus and personified as a goddess, who holds an important place in the Hindu religion. Hindu belief holds that bathing in the river on certain occasions causes the forgiveness of sins and helps attain salvation. Many people believe that this will come from bathing in Ganga at any time. People travel from distant places to immerse the ashes of their kin in the waters of the Ganga; this immersion also is believed to send the ashes to heaven.The Ganga is one of the world’s most rapidly shrinking rivers, a recent study of 900 rivers in the world has found. One of India’s most culturally and economically important rivers is among 45 in the study that showed a statistically significant reduction in discharge to the ocean. In 2004, the Ganga had 20 per cent less water than it did 56 years earlier, the study, conducted by the National Centre for Atmosphere Research in Colorado in the US, concluded. This centre belongs to the University Corporation of Atmospheric Research. The Allahabad high court on January 12, 2011 asked the state government to ensure maintaining 50 per cent of water level in the river Ganga in the interest of general public. The court in its order also clarified that water level not be reduced by more than 50 per cent by refraining from drawing excess amount from the Ganga. Passing this order, a division bench of the high court, consisting of Justice Askok Bhushan and Justice Arun Tandon, on a PIL filed to make the river Ganga pollution-free, said that though water is necessary for agricultural purposes, but it is also the duty of the government to provide potable water to the people and for that a balance has to be maintained.i also want to be part of this conference as i want to save our holy river.
structuralpradeepThe enthusiastic approach for participation is to know and get the complete knowledge of the river action plans and also attending the conference will be an eye opener for knowing more about the river basin implementation plan and recovery program.Water is a unique natural resources among the other entire one. The important situation arises now is to address the present condition of the Ganga river and its origin (Himalayan Glaciers) are nearing to the 11th hour for saving and optimal usage of Ganga river water. My interest is to know about the proposed projected work on reconstruction of missing links of Ganga river, climate change impacts on river flow due to increase in global atmospheric temperature, prevention plan on major loss due to evapo-transpiration of Ganga river water, sharing of river water for inter-state usability, religious rituals happening in Ganga river due to its ancient heritage of holistic nature that is believed by people and its effect on quality of water and its usage, and its effect on aqua beings, encroachment affects the geological space of the river, ecological impacts, mitigation process for flood and drought in the alarming period, economic and employment growth that concerned with the construction of dams and hydro power projects, optimal usage of Ganga river water for agricultural process, adaptation of treatment process for zero discharge of industrial effluents, creating awareness program for the people whose livelihood is concerning with the Ganga river and its resources. Interest on research and development activities for qualitative and optimal usage of river water and its resources,through this conference which promotes my internal attitude for implementation of the work for saving the river water for ourselves and future generation.
suma234llegal encroachment of river space- Implication on river flood plain and flood scenario. The river space created by the artificial withdrawal of the river-water in order to create a large number of industrial and commercial establishments, formal settlements, roads and highways and growth of real estates is a common feature. Most of these development activities are carried out in an unplanned way and many of them are established illegally. The disappearance of small water bodies (e.g. ponds, ditches etc) in the city may be due to encroachment and illegal filling up of wetlands by the local muscle power. Floodplains are land areas adjacent to rivers and streams that are subject to recurring inundation. Owing to their continually changing nature, floodplains and other flood-prone areas need to be examined in the light of how they might affect or be affected by development. The important concepts related to flood hazard assessments and explores the use of remote sensing data from satellites to supplement traditional assessment techniques will help in further excavation and redressal of the problem. In summary, floodplain dynamics are basic considerations to be incorporated in an integrated development planning study. It is essential that the study recognize that changes brought on by development can and will affect the floodplain in a multitude of ways.
sumitvermaGanga is the holy river of India. I am proud to be born at the bank of the river ganga. Since my childhood i have been trying to know the various effects of river on society and vice-versa. Now a days the river is getting poluted and its natural flow is getting diluted by the seawage and industrial effluent. I think this will be the best opprtunity to know the current efforts to make ganga clean and to keep it as holy as it was. As an Environemtnal Engg , this will be a great opportunity to know the various aspects of issues related to water management. I am looking forward to meet the group who has been actively working on river water quality modelling. I am really happy to know that IITs have come forward to save the river which has a very deep routes in indian civilization and sooner should be a world heritage. As we all know that now a days ganga is getting poluted so this is a great effort. I will be very happy to be a member of the BRIP-2011 , who can actively participate in the event. Tehri Dam was constructed on Bhagirathi River, tributary of the Ganges. It's located 1.5 km downstream of Ganesh Prayag, the place where Bhilangana meets Bhagirathi. Bhagirathi is called Ganges after Devprayag. Construction of the dam in an earthquake prone area was controversial
sundaram haridossAs a student working in the Ganga River Basin Management Plan, I would like to participate in the BRIP 2011 Conference. Ganga is the holiest river in the world and considered to be the largest river in the world. It is worshipped as Holy River from time immemorial. Ganga starts from its source called Gaumukh and flows Up, Bihar, West Bengal and drains into Bay of Bengal. The river is considered to be polluted due to the industrial wastes in and around the areas where the river flows. Our River Maatha should be protected from these kinds of problems by taking up several steps to clean up the Ganga. As a part of the work, we at IIT Madras are doing Water Quality Modeling in the Ganga basin. The main reason for the Ganga pollution is the industrial discharge and the cremation of dead bodies since it will be directly entering into the river and destroys the microorganisms present in the river and affected by the people by drinking this polluted water because it supplies water to most of the districts covered under Ganga. Arsenic is one of the heavy metal that causes people to even deaths. This is the worst condition in which people are suffered by drinking this polluted water. Our motive is to clean the Ganga by” Zero Industries” method.
surajupadhyay88Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies (e.g. lakes, rivers, oceans and groundwater). Water pollution occurs when pollutants are discharged directly or indirectly into water bodies without adequate treatment to remove harmful compounds. Water pollution affects plants and organisms living in these bodies of water. In almost all cases the effect is damaging not only to individual species and populations, but also to the natural biological communities. Water pollution is a major global problem which requires ongoing evaluation and revision of water resource policy at all levels (international down to individual aquifers and wells). It has been suggested that it is the leading worldwide cause of deaths and diseases, and that it accounts for the deaths of more than 14,000 people daily. An estimated 700 million Indians have no access to a proper toilet, and 1,000 Indian children die of diarrheal sickness every day. Some 90% of China's cities suffer from some degree of water pollution, and nearly 500 million people lack access to safe drinking water. In addition to the acute problems of water pollution in developing countries, industrialized countries continue to struggle with pollution problems as well. In the most recent national report on water quality in the United States, 45 percent of assessed stream miles, 47 percent of assessed lake acres, and 32 percent of assessed bay and estuarine square miles were classified as polluted. Water is typically referred to as polluted when it is impaired by anthropogenic contaminants and either does not support a human use, such as drinking water, and/or undergoes a marked shift in its ability to support its constituent biotic communities, such as fish. Natural phenomena such as volcanoes, algae blooms, storms, and earthquakes also cause major changes in water quality and the ecological status of water. The present seminar topic Various Perspectives of Aviral and Nirmal Ganga is very interesting and knowledge full though I am participating in this seminar.
surendra.sharmaI am 3rd year law student at RGSOIPL, IIT kharagpur. I recently attended a two-day Consultative Workshop on Ganga River Basin Management Plan which was organised by our Law School at IIT Kharagpur. It was very fruitful to me because I got a chance to listen to various stalwarts of various fields. After attending the conference it was clear to me that the solution to the Ganga problem is possible only through a inter-disciplinary approach where people of various fields and expertise can come together and reach a solution. Various law and policy related issues were discussed where some questions like water rights, competing interests etc. were discussed upon. Here at law school we have been taught detailed courses on constitutional law, biodiversity, environmental law etc. Any solution to the present problem must be in coherence with the Constitution and other laws of the country. Also, the issues of ownership, property rights, water rights, legal remedies must be addressed.I believe my legal knowledge would help me in making contribution to the above mentioned aspects of the problem.Besides, I think every citizen especially the young people should contribute in solving the problems of the nation. Criticizing others does not help the society. Therefore, by becoming the part of this conference I would be contributing to the solution of one of the greatest problems of our times.
suryaveer RIVER BASIN PLANNING EOI By Suryaveer Singh,Rajat Gupta, Vipul verma,Piyush Kumar under guidance of Prof.(Dr) Deep Kumar Gupta B.TECH (CIVIL) VIII-semester , Northern India engg. College (lucknow) “Where such a vital matter as river basin development is concerned that affects all aspects of life and living beings, co-operation among different actors for management cannot be sterile or static concept.” 1.Introduction- 1.1 Background- River basin planning is the opportunity to explore and manage the river resources by the method of statical and technological tools.Idea of river basin planning leads to prosperity of people by the accumulation, transportation and management which leads to fulfill- 1. Domestic 2. Commercial 3. Agricultural and miscellaneous. River basin planning is valuable according to indial gives a feeling to give life to lifeline of india and a devotion. 1.2. River basin planning problems- River Valleys were developed “in the plains, for the plains and by politicians and bureaucrats from the plains (emphasis added). Through large dams, among other impacts, the morphological and sediment transfer processes gets accelerated in one region, while the same gets hindered in another region. Activities that use water (like irrigation, municipal and industrial water supply) or change its quality (e.g. sewage and industrial discharges, pesticides runoff and others) or the pattern of its delivery further downstream (e.g. hydropower production, reservoir storage and releases) has implication for other possible uses downstream. 1.3. Why I am interested in River Basin Management? (1) As a Student of Civil Engineering we have gained some Knowledge about the river basin, flow in channel and fluid mechanics which gives us a stage to do something in regard of river basin planning. (2) It is common in news of flood in a particular area after suffering a few month of drought, still after 63 years of independence a large area is under improper river basin planning. (3) Because views and ideas of an individual would lead to agriculture, domestic, industrial satisfaction in context of water requirement it can be handled by proper river basin planning. (4) As a citizen of India and a student of civil engineering I also want to give my idea and my suggested path on which present of our country can be better and future can also be prosperous, smooth, independent and developed and it can be achieved by an effective river basin planning. (5) River basin planning that can paved a way for sustainable development, means a development without compromising needs of present and future generation. 2. River basin planning organisations- River basin planning organisations like “Pamba basin pilot project”, “narmada control authority”,” Bhakra beas management”,”Tungabhadra” are studying status of water resources in many states of india.These organisations are working extremely well and giving a forward step in the ocean of river basin planning. 3. ‘Doorstep Approach’ towards River Management- A key question now in relation to management of the river basin is to move away from the ‘stability equilibrium’ of the river system to ‘metastability equilibrium’. This calls for river managers to understand the dynamic nature of the river systems and evolve flexible institutional and technical options for river basin management. This, called as ‘threshold approach’, involves ‘process-oriented’ investigation of the river management problems and efforts to plan and manage them needs a site-specific approach (Newson, 1994). 4. Conclusion- It is to enhance, improve and efficient use of basins of river.The goal of good river basin planning can be achieved- 1. Sharing views and ideas amongst experts of river basin planning 2. Sharing of technology on world level. 3. Use of statical and economical growth 4. Managerial tools and management methods. 5. The key need of the hour is to develop a new ‘enabling environment’ from the government. a. Such ‘enabling environment’ of government requires moving away from ‘centralised’ to ‘decentralised’ means of governance. b. Create debate, dialogue and networking among various inter-sectoral interests groups on the importance of institutional approach for river basin management, through a framework. c. Facilitate, the community institutions, wherever they exist. 4.1. Why Should I attend the conference? (1) Conference is the stage to me for giving my views and it’s a big opportunity to add my small efforts in the large pool of efforts of civil engineer who has the same motive of river basin planning. (2) This conference is the one of the best environment and place to frame a deep discussion where ideas can lead to a resultant (3) Presence of expert and experienced planner of this conference can give a focused direction to my infant ideas and hopeful methods for river basin planning. (4) I want to be part of this occasion where knowledge and work of many expert and students combines together. (5) To show and express my own ideas in front of experts who can give conceptual ways to my ideas. (6) I want to become a part of a community or a team working for betterment of river basin for a prosperous future. (7) Such a vast project of river basin planning cannot be handled on an individual scale therefore it requires a combined strength of a large number of students, scholar and engineers as well as expert. So I want to be one of them. (8) I want also to join the discussion in which the motive is making a developed IndianRiver basin planning asa tool which leadsus to a developed country. 4.2 Motivation- “Steady and Continuous efforts by small people turns into vital Revolutionary Changes” Since childhood we have read in Newspaper and also watch in Television that we are suffering from various water problem inspite of good amount of water resources in India, It’s automatically generated curiosity and motivation, that why we can’t change the situation? Since our childhood Days we were having confined knowledge and capabilities and now the scenario has been changed a bit since we have got some technical knowledge and skills to fight against these problem, but we need a guidance and thanks to Mr.Deep Kumar Gupta Sir (Director And Professor NIEC) who by giving his focusedapproach, a disciplinary method and a vast content of knowledge to change our ideas into technical framework. World is full of very common small and talented people who creates a drastic change and achieved very big target in various field related to social, economical and technical by there steady and continuous small efforts. We can seeMr. Jawan Lal Revari and his devotion to transform a degraded land to productive assets. As an example Dr. Bithin Dutta and his tremendous efforts related to optimal application of water resources.
Sushil Kumar BhartiI think that if I have a chance to conserve Holy river Ganga then It is privileged for me and I have worked upon river Gomti which is a tributory of river ganga and I am attaching my abstract hare. Assessment of heavy metal accumulation in different parts of aquatic macrophytes in river Gomti, Lucknow N. K. S. More, Sushil Kumar Bharti and Dhanajay Kumar Department of Environmental Science, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow- 226025, India Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine the levels of heavy metals viz cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), iron (Fe) and arsenic (As) in the four aquatic plant species i.e. Hydrilla verticillata, Potamogeton pectinactus , Ranunculus sceleratus, Mimulus glabratus collected from 15 sites of Gomti river. The concentration of heavy metals was differ among the plant species to species as well tissue of the plant. The accumulation of heavy metals among the studied macrophytes and their parts was found higher in the roots than that in the leaves and stem. The heavy metal contents of the aquatic plants were in descending order of Fe > Cu > As ˃ Cd. The highest metal translocation factor was found in Potamogeton pectinactus while the lowest was in Mimulus glabratus. According to the study, arsenic has the big impact on ground water in Lucknow. The areas like Gomti barrage, pakka pul, parag and gulalaghat is most polluted area in this city and major drains is falling at these sites of Gomti River.
Swadesh KumarIt is privilege for me if I can do something for conservation of river Ganga. Ganga has always famous as a holy river for Indians. For millions of Indians she is a goddess and call Ganga Maa, Gange etc. In India, people believed that a bath in holy water of river Ganga. Haridwar, Allahabad, Varansi and Rishikesh are the famous place for this purpose. In the present time, increasing urbanization, industrialization and human interferences has increased the level of pollution on Ganga River. So that conservation of river Ganga is very necessary not only for human, but also to biodiversity of river Ganga. Kanpur Metropolis, the largest city of Uttar Pradesh, India, is located on western bank of river Ganga. But in Jajmou area, Kanpur city, the water quality of River Ganga critically polluted by tanneries, a number of drains (about 22) discharge domestic and industrial wastewater (treated and untreated) and activities of human beings those survive their life in informal settlement areas along the river Ganga. However, the remote sensing and GIS techniques are very useful for conservation of river Ganga. In remote sensing and GIS technique used satellite image data for land use and land cover change along river, modeling for water conservation, water turbidity analysis, mapping for hazardous zone areas etc.
swarnsomGanga is a major river of the Indian subcontinent rising into Himalayan Mountains and flowing about 2500 km. goes to Bay of Bengal. Ganga River known as Ganga Mata for goodness, purity and cleanness of his water in Most Hindu families some water of Ganga River kept in every house. Some of the most festivals and religious congregation are celebrated on the bank of Ganga River such places as Haridwar, prayag, Banaras. Ganga supplies water to extensive irrigation work. It passes to haridwar, Allahabad and Varanasi. It’s location near high population area however the river is highly polluted Ganga collects large amount of pollutants as it follow through the populations area. Ganga is a national river of India. Ganga finds is most polluted river in worlds. Bacteria level is more than the 100 times than as the limit set by the government from washing the clothes, dumping the bodies. The majority of Ganga river pollution due to organic waste, sewage, food, human and animals remains. Nearly all sewage goes to Ganga River in directly. Atmospheric deposition of heavy metals emitted from industries and vehicles. Illegal Mining in and around the Haridwar, boulders abutting the river are being removed for construction, causing damage to the river's banks and bed. The Ganga has been described by the World Wildlife Fund as one of the world’s top ten rivers at risk. It has over 140 fish species, 90 amphibian species, and five areas which support birds found nowhere else in the world. The delta used to be densely forested and inhabited by many wild animals. The most controversial Tehri dam is the main dam of the Tehri Hydro Project on the rivers Bhagirathi (one of the major tributary of the river Ganga) located near Tehri in Uttarakhand. It is a multi purpose river valley project, in a recent finding; the scientists have observed that various species of fishes which helped in keeping the river water clean are facing extinction. So Ganga is very useful for us