BRiP EOI

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Submitted By Usersort iconExpression of Interest (Why you should attend?)(a minimum of 200 words)
georkchalldI am a student of Geology and it is my interest to know about geomorphology of rivers and their geological works how they occurs in the nature and what reasons are affecting their nature of flow. Fluvial Geomorphology (FGM) of Ganga river is very complex and it is very diffcult to have an idea about it's flow and geomorphic units which varies through out the year. Because it is well known that Ganga is tectonically controlled river which totally differs in comparasion to geomorphologically controled river. The geological activity of a river includes mainly three things named as 1. Erosion 2. Transportation 3. Deposition Accordingly rivers are considered as the most important of the geomorphic agents in bringing about the degradation of the land surface. River carry excess water from the to the sea. In doing so, they erode valleys and help in shaping the earth's surface. They transport rock debries and dissolved material and eventually they deposit most of their sediments in the ocean. On the basis of these three main work of river Ganga is more interesting river because of its nature of flow and geomorphic features. I want to know more about this work of FGM which is dealing all part of Ganga river. Here I am staying in Allahabad and Ganga is relegious river of India and it is femous all over world due to holy place.
gora007Ganga runs its course of over 2,525 km (out of which 1,425 km is in Uttaranchal and UP, 475 km is in Bihar and 625 km is in West Bengal) from Gangotri in the Himalayas to Ganga Sagar in the Bay of Bengal through 29 cities with population over 1,00,000, 23 cities with population between 50,000 and 1,00,000 and about 48 towns. It is a river with which the people of India are attached spiritually and emotionally. But day by day the natural eco-system of the river is going really in stressed up situation. The main source of river pollution is two types’ industrial pollution (25%) and municipal pollution (75%). We all see what kinds of pollution are coming to the river; sometimes raw sewage water is coming, sometimes drain pipe water is coming directly. River pollution comes also in many ways like solid medical waste, agricultural waste, disposal of dead bodies, open defecation etc. Pollution also includes toxic chemicals like Cr(VI), dried sludge with chromium. The BOD in the religious bathing area remains dangerously high in Ganga. The fecal coliform varied from 70000 mpn/100ml to 1.5 million/100ml. The BOD and the fecal coliform levels increase from upstream to downstream as more and more untreated sewage enters the river. Pollution is increasing day by day. If we look through then we can find out the main causes of pollutions i.e. population, human needs and industries. But we cannot control population and human needs, what we can control are industries or proper way to organize an industrial waste. The waste water from industries should be properly treated before discharge. And instead of raw water discharge, discharge treated water so that by natural process of river (according to “Oxygen Sag Curve”) the dissolve oxygen will be maintained naturally. The municipal pollution can be optimized like ways. The pollution occurs mainly due to lack of awareness among people or sometimes aware people do not want to do the correct things. If we somehow motivate and convince people to do the proper and not to follow the path what is conventional, instead of that follow the path what is realistic. May be someday by that we can do something different. The National Students’ Conference on River Basin Planning (BRiP‐2011) will surely come up with great innovative ideas by all the participating students. And if I am able to join in this conference it will surely provide me a genuine chance to enhance my understanding on the subject and also lots of new ideas.
gsk.indianI WOULD LIKE TO KNOW ABOUT THE ONGOING PROJECTS AND ALSO THE RESTORATION WORKS GOING ON ON THE GANGA CATCHMENT.ALSO,I WOULD LIKE TO KEEP MYSELF UP TO DATE WITH THE HYDROLOGY OF THE RIVER BASINS WITH VARIOUS FLOW CHARACTERISTICS AND THE RESPECTIVE STUDIES. APART FROM THIS,A BRUSH UP AND SUBMISSION OF THE WORK DONE TILL DATE BY ME IS WISHED TO BE PRESENTED IN THE CONFERENCE. THE SWAT ANALYSIS OF THE GANGA BASIN IS BEING CARRIED OUT BY ME AS A PART OF THE GANGA RIVER BASIN MANAGEMENT PLAN PROJECT.THE AREA ANALYZED BY ME ,ON BEHALF OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY ROORKEE IS OF ABOUT 95500SQ.KM AREA.IT STRETCHES FROM THE ORIGIN OF THE GANGA TO THE POINT OF ITS CONFLUENCE WITH THE YAMUNA .THIS ANALYSIS GIVES A PICTURE OF THE BASIC STRETCH OF GANGA,ITS EFFECTS ON THE FLORA AND FAUNA IN THE BASIN.THIS FACILITATES THE BETTER MANAGEMENT OF THE TOURIST BELT ACROSS IT ,THE INDUSTRIAL EVOLUTION AND THE WILDLIFE ANALYSIS. THE SWAT ANALYSIS INCLUDES THE DELINEATION OF THE WATERSHED FOR THE STREAMS FOR THEIR INLET AND OUTLET,HYDRO LOGICAL RESPONSE UNIT ANALYSIS ETC.THESE STEPS FURTHER SUBSTITUTE IN THE HYDRO LOGICAL ANALYSIS OF THE CATCHMENT FOR VARIOUS PROCESSES LIKE NUTRIENT ANALYSIS,ETC.
Gunjan KumarI am a student of water science and management in M.sc, A.N.College, Patna. I am working on so many projects related to Ganga basin. I have participated in many research projects undertaken by our Department through project sponsored by Erasmus Mundus program of European commission. I participate led to completion of research project jointly undertaken by Department of EWM and University of Applied Sciences, Karlsruhe, Germany for field trial of Double Reverse Osmosis Arsenic Removal System. Now a day I am working on the project on the ground water pollution in the Gopalganj district which is situated nearer to ganga and Gandak river. According to other report the arsenic contamination in the Bihar region is due to river deposition in the previous time. There are several aspect related to riover basin planning As this conference is based on river basin planning in ganga river, I think it will be beneficial for me to attend this as I will learn about the river basin planning which can help to my further research. This exposure for my views on the remediation of this problem through expert views at the conference. By attending to this program I can understand some points that will help in my further research project in future. Thanks
gurveekwithout water no one can survive.If we see to ganga river , daily a huze amount of factories,human,animal waste is going to it. Government is making hunderds of polcies to clean this holy river,but result of this is unimplementtion and corruption.IF we are the real indian and we love our rivers than we should think about these gifts.This is our duty. we cant expect from any government agencies to clean it. So for that we should think in sustain manner. What is all other aspect to give a sustainity to it.From mountains to Esturies water is like pesticide. IF we indian start a awkening programme towards our river in which we include all NGO,Student wellfare,Social service societies and Religious organisations like Dera Sacha Sauda,Radha Swami etc... then by the voice of their guide,instructor,Ruhani Guru near by crores people can start to make effort for our rivers.Second is every year one Netherland is adding in indian population. IF we cant stop it,then we cant make any effort for our rivers. If we talk about the planning of Ganga river, any aspect like carring capacity, water foot print for agricultural, uses of water in factories, human activites many other view of water. So for that a mini watershed approach is musty significant to provide water from rural to urban, agricultural to factories, daily use to domestic use etc. For that I think planning for mini watershed can be a best effort for this
haiderkonainThe river Ganga is considered one of the holy river of the country.It's basin is affluent with perennial rivers and streams. Ganga has been a cradle of human civilization since time immemorial. Millions depend on this great river for physical and spiritual sustenance. The superstitious people of India treat it as a sacred river and is deeply revered by them. The river also plays a vital religious ceremonies and rituals.Many workship it as a deity and i am no exception to it.I have immense faith in the powers of healing and regeneration of Ganga. Since my schooldays i have been actively engaged in various river basin projects and also experiments concerning various environmental phenomenon.Also in my earlier classes i was given a brief knowledge about the river Ganges,its tributries and its various river basin.I find this conference as a golden opportunity for me to be vis-a-vis with people who are actively involved in different activities concerning the river and would definitely get to learn a lot under their gracious guidance and presence and moreover i would love to carry on with the work towards the improvement in the condition of the river and as a part of my obeisance to it.
harshal himthaniRiver ganga is a symbol of the rich culture and heritage our country has.It is the most sacred and pious river of the country.An estimated 2,000,000 people ritually bathe daily the river, which is considered holy by the Hindus.The spiritual and religious significance is greater than any other river on the planet. While the Ganges may be considered holy, there are some problems associated with the ecology. It is filled with chemical wastes, sewage and even human and animal remains which carry major health risks by either direct bathing in the dirty water (e.g.:infection), or by drinking (the Fecal-oral route).It is a source of variety of flora and fauna.River ganga is said to posses medicinal properties as it is considered to have more oxygen than in typical for comparable rivers. Being a responsiblity citizen of the country it becomes my duty to see that river ganga remains secured in all prospects.I personally have a feeling that river ganga is associated with emotions n sentiments of the people of our country n its pollution shall pose a threat to lives of many living being which bear a existence to it,so being the youth of today n leaders of tomorrow i whole heartedly want to attend this conference as i feel this conference is a very big platform where i can get to know about the latest development,measures and steps that government has taken to save river ganga.It would be of great pleasure n delight for me to exchange n learn new ideas with such bright n talented minds of country.So i feel i should be part of this conference and can extent my support to save river ganga.
Harshit SrivastavaGanga and various other rivers hold importance such as, social, economical, political, geographical, and spiritual to millions of people of India and all world. The River Basin Planning can be successful when it is planned/implemented by keeping all the aspects from all the fields related to it by way of continuous monitoring and updation with time. I would like to attend the conference because as I think River Planning must carefully view over each factor, and if my proposal for participation in conference will be accepted, I would able to express my idea/proposal among learned gathering of experts. I am also submitting a poster for the conference which aims towards focusing especially on spiritual factor which affects all other factors such as socio-economic-political, which is far from just faith. Till now I have submitted five research papers in public interest areas and at different National Conferences, and spoken at various stages such as of Allahabad University, Birla Institute of Technology, Shambhunath Institute of Technology, Amrapali University, etc. I have also been involved with tree plantation program at Yamuna River Bank by support of my NGO/NPO, Zila Apradh Nirodhak Samiti, and public awareness environmental/social programs with local public. I also have planned for different environmental programs to be implemented, and I am also involved in finding new solutions for Environmental Conservation and Sustainable Development with my research papers. Rivers, especially Ganga have deep significance for me as an Indian, Religious and Spiritual. Although, I am of balanced perception towards cross-cutting topics such as ‘Tehri Dam’ on river Ganga, as I am neither fully opposed to its construction, nor fully in favor of its construction, because in this case if it is implemented it would bring some economic progress, but adversely affect to local community and environment, while if it is not implemented the requirement of economy cannot be balanced (Here, I cannot describe my entire view in detail). I was waiting for such an opportunity (i.e, this conference) for a long period of time, and will participate in the conference and do apply to my responsibility as a participant, and if my poster will be accepted, I will also apply to my responsibility as a speaker, if I would be asked, on such an important topic of River Basin Planning, and I would try my best towards success of the motive of the conference. Thank You, Harshit Srivastava, harshit.srivastava@gmail.com Student, ECPSSS, Allahabad, U.P, INDIA
HarshitSrivastavaWe Indians call ‘Ganga’ as mother and goddess, with various other rivers which are also practiced here. They hold importance such as, social, economical, political, geographical, and spiritual to millions of people of India and all world. The River Basin Planning can be successful when it is planned/implemented by keeping all the aspects from all the fields related to it by way of continuous monitoring and updation with time. I would like to attend the conference because as I think River Planning must carefully view over each factor, and if my proposal for participation in conference will be accepted, I would able to express my idea/proposal among learned gathering of experts. I am also submitting a poster (with my partner i.e, Harshit Srivastava) for the conference which aims towards focusing especially on spiritual factor which affects all other factors such as socio-economic-political, which is far from just faith. Till now I have submitted a research paper with my partner in a National Conference in public interest area, and participated at various stages including my institute. I have also been involved with a tree plantation program held last year, and I am also involved in finding new solutions for Environmental Conservation and Sustainable Development with my research papers, and articles which are published in my institute. Rivers, especially Ganga have deep significance for me as an Indian, Religious and Spiritual. Although, I am of balanced perception towards cross-cutting topics such as ‘Tehri Dam’ on river Ganga, as I am neither fully opposed to its construction, nor fully in favor of its construction, because in this case if it is implemented it would bring some economic progress, but adversely affect to local community and environment, while if it is not implemented the requirement of economy cannot be balanced (Here, I cannot describe my entire view in detail). I was waiting for such an opportunity (i.e, this conference) for a long period of time, and will participate in the conference and do apply to my responsibility as a participant, and if my poster will be accepted, I will also apply to my responsibility as a speaker, if I would be asked, on such an important topic of River Basin Planning, and I would try my best towards success of the motive of the conference. Thank You, Pranjal Srivastava, pranjal.srivastava.ps@gmail.com Student, Dr. VSEC, Kanpur, U.P, INDIA
hemanta Being a student of Hydraulics and Water Resource Department (Civil Engineering), I had the privileged to learn about hydraulics and hydrological engineering and I think this conference would be a nice platform for students like me to know more about Ganga. Knowing Ganga is very interesting as it has helped many cities to grow at its bank but at the same time it is not devoid of any misgivings. During monsoon season it inundates the low lying areas and cause great havoc.I had the opportunity to visit Ganga river as a part of site visit during pre-monsoon and post-monsooon season of 2011 to see the changes in the river before and after the flooding.It was very interesting to see the changes in the river and how it affected the nearby areas. This conference would further increase my knowledge about the river. As already known that Ganga has suffered a lot from human intervention directly or indirectly, its now high time that something is done. My keen interest in this conference is to know about the problems that Ganga is facing and to figure out a systematic way to eradicate them.I hope the speakers would highlight the major problems and the research they have been carrying out in this region. This will in a way aware me of the various scope of work that can be conducted in this field.
indramaniMillions of people bath in the River Ganga, or Ganges, during Kumbh Mela, Magh Mela and on other auspicious days? But rarely have we heard about the breakout of a major epidemic like Cholera or other waterborne diseases. Industrial waste and human waste is dumped into Ganga at several points but Ganga continues to amaze everyone with its purifying power. In Hinduism, there is frequently a connection between mythology and science. Hindus keep Ganga water in closed containers for various religious purposes but it never goes bad or putrefies. This means that Ganga water contains lot of oxygen which can assimilate organic matter like human waste and vegetable matter. This property of Ganga is 25% more than any other river. The amount of organic waste that goes into Ganga should have already exhausted the amount of oxygen. But this has not happened. There is some material present in Ganges that replenishes the oxygen content and kills the pathogens. Interestingly, boiled Ganga water does not have the capability to kill pathogens. Similarly, Yamuna, a river which joins Ganges, does not contain the special material present in Ganga. Now polluting the river is something different and the tenacity to withstand the pollution caused is something different. The reason why we must stop polluting the river is for our good. It makes the banks and the river look untidy and in return makes the area shabby. But I do believe that the Ganges is not an ordinary water body. Infact not only the ganges, all the water bodies which supply drinking water and water for other uses are Divine forms meant for the welfare of the Humans and the other living beings.The most convincing answer to Ganga’s purifying property or to kill pathogens is associated with the bacteriophage present in its water. Bacteriophage enters bacteria present in the water and destroys it and multiplies inside it in millions and then bursts out searching for new bacteria. This one reason why there are no epidemics in Ganges when millions of people take bath during melas. In simple terms, organic matter is assimilated by the special molecular structure of Ganga water and the bacteria is destroyed or maintained in the optimum level by bacteriophage. And thus the pathogens are contained by Ganga. But bacteriophage, or phages, are present everywhere, it is not unique to Ganges alone. So the mystery still continues and one question still remains unanswered what is that particular property that allows Ganga to retain extraordinary amount of oxygen(about 12 ppm) which is the root cause of all purifying activities taking place in the river. I want to participate in this conference to find the answer to above question and for sharing my knowledge for purification of Ganga water and to discuss about the public private partnership for abolishing the pollution creating agents and to gain knowledge for sharing with illiterate persons.
ishmeetkaur91Impact of climate change on basin hydrologic cycle and river flow The hydrological cycle is intimately linked with changes in atmospheric temperature and radiation balance. Warming of the climate system in recent decades is unequivocal, as is now evident from observations of increases in global average air and ocean temperatures, widespread melting of snow and ice, and rising global sea level. Analyses show warming rates in the lower-and mid-troposphere that are similar to rates at the surface. Attribution studies show that most of the observed increase in global temperatures since the mid-20th century is very likely due to the observed increase in greenhouse gas concentrations. For widespread regions, cold days, cold nights and frost have become less frequent, while hot days, hot nights and heat waves have become more frequent over the past. Climate warming observed over the past several decades is consistently associated with changes in a number of components of the hydrological cycle and hydrological systems such as: changing precipitation patterns, intensity and extremes; widespread melting of snow and ice; increasing atmospheric water vapour; increasing evaporation; and changes in soil moisture and runoff e.g. the Ganges basin the June rainfall in 1970-60 displayed positive anomaly (i.e., higher rainfall than the average), which now shows negative anomaly (i.e., lower than the average) in the recent decade 2000-90. There is still substantial uncertainty in trends of hydrological variables because of large regional differences, and because of limitations in the spatial and temporal coverage of monitoring networks. For hydrological variables such as runoff, non climate- related factors may play an important role locally (e.g. changes in extraction). The impact of climate change on snow, ice and frozen ground as sensitive storage variables in the water cycle is highly non-linear and more physically- and process-oriented modelling, as well as specific atmospheric downscaling, is required. There is a lack of detailed knowledge of runoff changes as caused by changing glaciers, snow cover, rain– snow transition, and frozen ground in different climate regions. Methods need to be improved that allow the assessment of the impacts of changing climate variability on freshwater resources. Melting of glaciers and ice caps contribute roughly 10-12 cm to sea level rise. During the 20th century, sea level rose about 15-20 centimetres (roughly 1.5 to 2.0 mm/year), even a small increase in sea level can have a dramatic impact on many coastal environments and infrastructure. Over 600 million people live in coastal areas that are less than 10 meters above sea level, and two-thirds of the world’s cities that have populations over five million are located in these at-risk areas. Low-lying coastal regions in developing countries such as Bangladesh, Vietnam, India, and China have especially large populations living in at-risk coastal areas such as deltas, where river systems enter the ocean. As there is no substitute and it is the only organized forum for a small group to spend serious time discussing one or more topics. These are consistently the most enlightening sessions, and give you the largest opportunity to meet and interact with intelligent people interested in a topic that you are interested in. So to elaborate my knowledge I want to be a part of this conference.
j2_dhanaScarcity of water is becoming one of the major problem arising throughout the world because of the depletion of the ground water and climate change. So the living being are forced to depend not only on the ground water alone and also the surface water bodies like rivers, lakes, ponds, etc. But in one side these surface water bodies are polluted and other activities (deforestation, extension of usage of land areas) of humans and in the other hand these water bodies are getting extinct due to the climate change. Ganges is a perennial river which receives water from the glaciers of Himalayas. According to Indian myths, The Ganges is a holy river which is capable of wiping out the human sins. It receives a pure form of water from its origin but as it reaches the place where the peoples dwell, it is contaminated with industrial wastes and human corpses. Because of these kinds of activities the dissolved oxygen content of the water is fully degraded and made unfit for drinking purposes and making the surroundings unfit for human beings and other animals to live. But, once many civilizations were formed in the banks of the Ganges and the Gangetic plains had plenty of healthy soil for the plant growth. In case of rivers, the effect of pollution will take place not only in a particular place the effect will occur throughout the places where the river passes through. If this pollution process takes place continuously, there will be no more suitable place for peoples and also a major water scarcity problem will arise throughout the North India. So it is a must of creating awareness among the people about the effects of polluting the Ganges. By attending this conference, it is golden opportunity for me to have a sound knowledge of saving the holy Ganges from the world of pollution and also, I can have a sound knowledge of the advanced treatment process to be used in the Ganga basin. And in other scenario, the pollution is not only in the Ganga river but also in the other river basins and so the participants from different states can make awareness among the people and can help in treating the polluted river basins in their areas which will be useful for the future generations. I am a student of Environmental Engineering, so that this conference will help me to share my views regarding the management plan in the river basin with others and I can also gain knowledge about the views of the participants. My project is based on the contaminant and solute transport in the soil so I can share my ideas regarding about the groundwater recharging ability in Ganga basin and the capacity of transportation of pollutants in soil.
jagwanitushaliRivers have been very useful to men in all parts of the earth since very early times. They provide water to slake the thirst of men, to fertilize their lands and to provide a means of communication for the goods that transport from place to place. The escalating hydrological alteration of rivers on a global scale and resultant environmental degradation, has led to the establishment of the science of environmental flow assessment in the recent years whereby the quantity and quality of water required for ecosystem conservation and resource protection are determined. Environmental Flows (eFlows) refer to water provided within a river, wetland or coastal zone to maintain ecosystems and the benefits they provide to people. In our M.Tech project ,we worked on Mansagar Lake in Jaipur which motivated us to work further in assessing the water quality. It was depressing to see mass carnage of fish at Mansagar lake on 22 July 2010. Only recently the water quality had improved, leading to fish proliferating in the lake. Just one heavy shower that washed the city’s dirt and garbage into the lake was enough to lead to the death of thousands of fish. Therefore, it is essential to understand the pollution inventory of organic compounds entering the lake to maintain its water quality. Our main area of focus was to analyse the present physico-chemical characteristics of lake water and compare these present data with available past data to find out changes in lake water quality with time. We also analyzed the efficiency of constructed wetland set up there to treat the sewage to a tertiary degree. Pollutants were entering Mansagar Lake from point sources (sewage treatment plant and homes) and non point sources(runoff from adjoining highway, and human settlements spread over its catchment). We measured both filtered and non filtered BOD and COD to find out the contribution of suspended and dissolved organics . In this process we learnt many things about the difference in the characteristics of runoff received under typical Indian urban setting and those in the western world reported in the literature. River water quality management also depends a lot on realistic apportionment of various sources of organics entering the system and the principles of biodegradation also remain more or less similar. It will be a good learning experience for us, if we are permitted to attend your conference.
jothilingam.aBeing a PG student of environmental engineering I am very eager and interested in participating this conference because this will be a great opportunity for me to gain knowledge and interact with reputed members lectures and research scholars from various diverse backgrounds. I am still eager to know about the innovative action plans of ganga river basin processes like environmental impact assessment of river basin, impact of climate change concerned with river basin plan, connectivity of river water through inter-states, saving the sunder ban forest resources like water etc. Due to the increasing industrial pollution and human intervention on natural resources making them inadequacy in kind of portable usage and water demand in side of livelihood usage and industrial purposes. So the emerging need is to address the problem for saving the unique resources like water etc. In this regard a national wide ganga action plan has been implemented, the major work activity of this ganga river recovery plan was Public participation and awareness program for management plan and legal framework for policy making to control the industrial effluent discharge within the zero discharge limits, control measures for floods and droughts condition, research and development activity but still there was lag for this plan . Attending this conference will be an initiative beginning step for my involvement in water protection which will be generated to a future generation through my teaching passion.
junsunhwangNowadays, most people are not aware of the importance of rivers and the rivers are being polluted daily. Rivers are the main sources of drinking water and make the land fertile for growing crops. Rivers provide fish and act as drainage channels for surface water. Furthermore rivers are a good means of transportation. These facts prove that rivers have always been very important. In fact, the ancient civilizations like Ancient Egypt, the fertile crescent, Ancient China and Ancient India may not have existed without rivers. The people in these civilizations could hunt the animals that came to drink water. They could also catch fish in the rivers. If rivers become polluted, the water will become unsuitable for irrigation and drinking purpose and marine life will be disturbed. This can cause serious problems to the ecosystem. Consequently it will be we who will suffer as a result of polluting the rivers. For instance, overuse of fertilizers has caused eutrophication in many rivers in the world. In my opinion, if we introduce bio-fertilizer, farmers will be able to decrease the amount of chemical fertilizer and as a result the damage by eutrophication could be reduced. Installing a sewage treatment system along the river will also contribute to a decrease in the amount of chemicals released into rivers. Polluting rivers is not only a problem of one country. It can cause international conflicts. For example, the Nile starts from Uganda and Ethiopia and flows to Egypt. If Uganda and Ethiopia pollute the river, Egypt will receive polluted water from upstream. Even India has had disagreement with Bangladesh for water in the Ganga. The Farakka Barrage was built across the Ganga from India to the border with Bangladesh. This barrage created the disagreement between India and Bangladesh. This is why a river is very important for many countries. The Ganges is considered a holy river in India and millions of people rely on this river for their daily life. It is also important historically. Many former imperial capitals such as Patliputra, Kara and Allahabad have been located on its banks. Furthermore, the Ganges river is very important for India as well as other neighbouring countries because it provides water for agriculture, navigation, irrigation, fisheries, forestry and etc. The Ganges Basin supports the agricultural economies of India and its tributaries provide large amount of water to different regions. Along the banks of the river, the presence of swamps provides a rich growing area for crops and there are many other fishing opportunities along the river. Every year, a number of tourists visit Allahabad and Varanasi to see the Ganges. However, unfortunately, the Ganges has been ranked among the top five most polluted rivers of the world. Industries on the banks in Kanpur dumped chemicals and other effluents into the Ganga without any treatment. Pollution threatens not only us, but also many other species. The Ganges river dolphin is now and endangered animal because of the pollution and the number of many other species are decreasing year by year. Personally, I feel that if we do not take any action, the image and the reputation of the Ganges will be affected. In my opinion, setting up a strict law could reduce the pollution in the Ganges. For instance, if funeral rituals do not involve immersion of ashes in the Ganges and industries treat the chemical effluents properly, the condition of the river will become better. It is true that many religious people will object against the law but nobody can deny the fact that burning dead bodies is most responsible for the pollution. Apart from religious ceremonies, many uneducated people just wash their clothes and their bodies in the Ganges because they are not aware of the environmental pollution that they are causing. Even if some people know that their activities pollute the river, they have no other choices because of poverty. They cannot afford a house with proper water and sewage system. I think policies like subsidising public schools and creating awareness of the water pollution could reduce the pollution in the Ganga in long term. Controlling population growth will also contribute to reduction in pollution because if population growth is controlled, domestic wastes can be reduced and it is easier for government to provide education to people. To save the river, strict action needs be taken by the government . If we start saving the Ganga today, we will be able to see the clean river in the near future. The reason why I want to attend this conference is to understand other students’ opinions and different points of view and share ideas on how to save the Ganga. I am very interested in chemical engineering and I am firm about studying chemical engineering with environmental sustainability at the university level. I have studied many concepts in both Chemistry and Environmental Management in school but I have never had the opportunity to see how these concepts are applied in practical life to save the environment. It will be my greatest privilege if I am given an opportunity to attend this conference at IIT and see how Mathematics, Sciences and Engineering are being used to solve real-life problems.
karvindGanga Basin area, covering eleven states, floods in some part or the other are an annual feature. Due to rapid changes in the behaviour of the rivers in the Ganga basin and for other reasons, it was considered necessary to update the comprehensive water management plans for flood management of all the river systems in the Ganga basin. On account of the inadequacy of the protection works carried out so far, large scale damage due to floods often occurs. In order to effectively tackle the critical and chronic flood problems in the areas of the Ganga basin, it was considered necessary to prepare an integrated plan to manage and minimise the problems of flood, erosion and drainage and ensure its implementation in a comprehensive and coordinated manner. The management of water resources for diverse uses at the micro or local level should be done by adopting a partnership approach, involving the user communities, through community based organisations, in the various aspects of planning, design, development and management of water resources. In addition, in some areas, there should be community based flood and drought management committees to plan for and deal with these and other disaster situations. At the planning stage, decisions should be taken after according opportunity to the respective Gram Sabhas. Local bodies such as municipalities and gram panchayats should particularly be involved in the water management in the flood and drought area.
KAVITA KAPARWANI am very much privileged if any how their is any contribution in preserving this Holy river Ganga.Basically I am from Rudraprayag and it is a one of five prayag of this holy river Ganga and we are dependent upon this natural geyser but this time condition is very bad because due to urbanization and landslide and quality of surface water is now days decreasing . Landslide around rudraprayag near Alaknanda river basin Kavita Kaprawan, D.D.Chauniyal Department of Geography, HNB Garhwal University, Srinagar- 246174, India Abstract I have worked upon landslide around rudraprayag near Alaknanda river basin in which I found that due to heavy rain water holding capacity of this area is decreases that is why landslide is very common in my studied area and the material and mineral which is present in rocks are continuously mixed into river Alaknanda .It is originated at Alkapuri where satopant and Bagirthi glacier are coincide. Government make all the efforts for quality surface water as well as Ground water in this way Government has planted several Water Treatment Plant and this is not enough for point of view because maintenance is good that is why Government should proper action to conserve this basin. In Future I want to work in this area for further research of my Ph.D.
ketan.wadodkarGanga river is area of interest for every one in this country and having attended last EQP groups meeting held in IIT Delhi the interest has increased. so i want to know what is going on also what i can contribute to this noble and holy cause. thoughts becomes things, so this is start of making thoughts to make it a thing. The River Ganga has been given the status of goddess by Indians. It is believed that, taking a dip in the holy water of Ganga will rid of all sins. During bathing, the river water is also used for drinking (Aachman), irrespective of its water quality; hence water quality of Ganga should be drinkable. The water of Ganga was perceived as holy, but not anymore. With increased population in state and human intervention the sacred Ganga has become impure. During festivals, people take a holy dip in these rivers. A considerable amount of pilgrims taking bath in holy water might carry communicable skin disease, it is feared that a dip in Ganga might lead to some skin disease. Their daily routine near the water course becomes a constant source of contamination of the water bodies, increasing organic load on the river. Nowadays, many industries have developed in Uttarakhand state viz. pharmaceutical, textiles, toy making, colouring etc. The wastewater from some of industries are directly disposed in river without treatment. The water quality and human health is closely related. The water quality of Ganga River in Uttarakhand stretch is deteriorating day by day due to human intervention. Hence, it is important to study and categorize pollution load entering in Ganga from various towns of Uttarakhand state. The Uttarakhand being a pilgrimage and a busy tourist place this study is important to understand the BOD loading entering the holy River Ganga. to learn about further measures which will be taken for improvement and restoration of Ganga River quality in middle and lower stretches.
koyel_civilThe Ganges is a river in India which historically has been of high religious and cultural significance and in modern times has been known for being very polluted. An estimated 2,000,000 people ritually bathe daily in the river, which is considered holy by the Hindus. In the Hindu religion it is said to flow from the hair of Shiva. The spiritual and religious significance is greater than any other river on the planet. While the Ganges may be considered holy, there are some problems associated with the ecology. It is filled with chemical wastes, sewage and even human and animal remains which carry major health risks by either direct bathing in the dirty water (e.g.: Bilharziasis infection), or by drinking (the Fecal-oral route) Perennial rivers such as the Ganges have been held in high regard since time immemorial. This current of acknowledgement runs through the entire subcontinent, as seen from references to the Ganges in ancient South Indian literature. Scientists and religious leaders have speculated on the causes of the river's apparent self-purification effect, in which water-borne bacteria such as dysentery and cholera are killed off thus preventing large-scale epidemics. Some studies have reported that the river retains more oxygen than is typical for comparable rivers; this could be a factor leading to fewer disease agents being present in the water The Ganga Action Plan or GAP was a program launched by Rajiv Gandhi in April 1985 in order to reduce the pollution load on the river. The program was launched with much fanfare, but it failed to decrease the pollution level in the river, after spending 901.71 crore (approx. 1010) rupees over a period of 15 years. Ganga Action Plan - Objectives and Approach: The Ganga Action Plan (GAP) was launched by the Government of India in the year 1985 with the objective of abatement of pollution in the River Ganga due to discharge of sewage into the river from point as well as non-point sources. The Plan was renamed the National River Conservation Plan (NRCP) in the year 1995 and was broad-based to tackle pollution levels in other identified polluted stretches of major rivers, for improving their water quality to the bathing quality standards. GAP I was launched in June 1985 and declared closed on 31st March, 2000, GAP II was approved in April, 1993 for pollution abatement of remaining works on river Ganga with 3 other rivers Yamuna, Damodar and Gomti. River Mahananda was included in the year 2005-06. NRCP was extended to other Major rivers of the country in 1995. In December, 1996, GAP - II was merged with NRCP. At present, NRCP covers 35 stretches of polluted rivers in 164 towns spread in 20 States. Action Plans for different rivers are being drawn up on the basis of surveys by Central pollution Control Board (CPCB) and State Pollution Control Boards (SPCB). The approach of GAP was to create sewage treatment plants in the cities along the Ganga so that no untreated sewage is discharged into the river. This was expected to bring the quality of the river water to a desired level I wish to be a part of the project as it will help me in my studies and provide and opening to understand the recent techniques of water treatment.